Tuesday, November 6, 2012

Taking care of your fish

You wanted a pet to lighten up the mood in your apartment. You decided on fish as opposed to a cat or a dog because maybe you’re not in the house all that much and would feel bad for them out all alone with no attention. You thought a fish would be a lot easier. Think again! Well, it is easier but only to a certain extent. Here are a few things to think about when getting a pet fish.

The what, when and where of Fish Feeding
Sometimes people think that feeding a fish is not something that requires all that much from you. However, a few mistakes in the way you feed your fish and it could lead to serious health problems for your pet.

Getting the right food can be overwhelming when having to choose: flake, pellet or liquid food and also freeze-dried. You need to know this about your own fish:
·         Fish can either be carnivores, omnivores or herbivores.
·         Different ages have different needs.
·         What that particular kind of fish was fed in the wild.

The kind of fish you have will also dictate the way to feed them. Some species will prefer eating from a specific part of the tank; others like the floating food; and others will prefer grazing from the bottom of their tank.

How much food will depend on the species and on their routine. You have to pay attention to their habits and how much (or how little) they exercise. Do some research on the specific species to find out not only the correct amount but also the recommended time to feed them, either at night, during the day. Also it will depend if you only have one fish or if you have a more complex society in your tank!

Caring for a healthy fish
One of the most common health problems that can affect fish is fin rot. It is cause by a high level of bacteria. Keep an eye on your pet’s behavior or appearance. You need to do research on your particular species of fish and be able to detect symptoms.

Creating a house for your pet
Your tank needs will vary according to your fish, either freshwater or salt water. The first ones are simpler to care for than the salt water one, although you do have to keep an eye on the pH, the nitrate levels and temperature.
Saltwater tanks require what is called “live rock” to help you keep it clean. Take into account that this means that before even filling your tank, live rock will have to -cure- in the tank.
There’s a misconception that you need to replace all of the water in the tank to clean it and that thought can be daunting. It’s not true! You only need to replace about 20% on a weekly basis and that will be more than enough to keep your tank clean and your pets healthy!

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